|The most effective way to
protect yourself and your home from fire is to identify
and remove fire hazards. Sixty-five percent of home fire
deaths occur in homes with no working smoke alarms.
During a home fire, working smoke alarms and a fire
escape plan that has been practiced regularly can save
Prevent Home Fires
- Keep items that can catch on fire at least three
feet away from anything that gets hot, such as space
- Never smoke in bed.
- Talk to children regularly about the dangers of
fire, matches and lighters and keep them out of
- Turn portable heaters off when you leave the
room or go to sleep.
- Stay in the kitchen when frying, grilling or
broiling food. If you leave the kitchen for even a
short period of time, turn off the stove.
- Stay in the home while simmering, baking,
roasting or boiling food.
- Check food regularly and use a timer to remind
you that food is cooking.
- Keep anything that can catch fire, such as pot
holders, towels, plastic and clothing, away from the
- Keep pets off cooking surfaces and countertops
to prevent them from knocking things onto the
- Install carbon monoxide alarms in central
locations on every level of your home and outside
- If the carbon monoxide alarm sounds, move
quickly to a fresh air location outdoors or by an
open window or door.
- Never use a generator, grill, camp stove or
other gasoline, propane, natural gas or
charcoal-burning devices inside a home, garage,
basement, crawlspace or any partially enclosed area.
Practice Fire Safety at Home
- Install smoke alarms on every level of your
home, inside bedrooms and outside sleeping areas.
- Teach children what smoke alarms sound like and
what to do when they hear one.
- Once a month check whether each alarm in the
home is working properly by pushing the test button.
- Replace batteries in smoke alarms at least once
- Immediately install a new battery if an alarm
chirps, warning the battery is low.
- Smoke alarms should be replaced every 10 years.
Never disable smoke or carbon monoxide alarms.
- Carbon monoxide alarms are not substitutes for
smoke alarms. Know the difference between the sound
of smoke alarms and carbon monoxide alarms.
Fire Escape Planning
- Ensure that all household members know two ways
to escape from every room of your home.
- Make sure everyone knows where to meet outside
in case of fire.
- Practice escaping from your home at least twice
a year and at different times of the day. Practice
waking up to smoke alarms, low crawling and meeting
outside. Make sure everyone knows how to call 9-1-1.
- Teach household members to STOP, DROP and ROLL
if their clothes should catch on fire.
In Case of Fire
Remember to GET OUT, STAY OUT and CALL 9-1-1 or your
local emergency phone number.
- If closed doors or handles are warm, use your
second way out.
- Never open doors that are warm to the touch.
- Crawl low under smoke.
- Go to your outside meeting place and then call
- If smoke, heat or flames block your exit routes,
stay in the room with doors closed. Place a wet
towel under the door and call the fire department or
9-1-1. Open a window and wave a brightly colored
cloth or flashlight to signal for help.